Understanding Seasonal Affective Disorder

What is Seasonal Affective Disorder?

A form of depression that affects people during different times of the year seasonal affective disorder is more commonly associated with the winter seasons than the summer, but while you can suffer from either form, summer seasonal affective disorder is much rarer.   


As SAD (seasonal affective disorder) is a form of depression the symptoms are similar, however there are some symptoms specific to the type of seasonal disorder a person has.  General symptoms include:

·      Feeling depressed

·      Low self-esteem

·      Feeling hopeless

·      No longer enjoying everyday activities or hobbies

·      Sleep issues

·      Sadness and despair

·      Feelings of worthlessness

·      General aches and pains

·      Fatigue, low energy levels and reduced sex drive

·      Thoughts of suicide or death

Spring and Summer SAD

·      Poor appetite

·      Weight loss

·      Anxiety

·      Insomnia

·      Feeling agitated or irritable

·      Aggressive behaviour

Autumn and Winder SAD

·      A craving for carbohydrates

·      Weight gain

·      Feeling tired and lacking motivation

·      Oversleeping

·      Trouble concentrating

·     Withdrawing socially


As with most mental health disorders it’s not fully understood what causes SAD.  It is believed that the shortening of the daytime sunlight hours in autumn and winter contribute to its development. 

The reasoning behind this is that experts believe the reduction in sunlight, affects the part of the brain known as the hypothalamus.  The hypothalamus has several functions including releasing hormones and managing, hunger, thirst, body temperature, sleep, sex drive and mood.  In particular it is believed it affects and disrupts the following:

·      Serotonin Production – reduced exposure to sunlight can affect your ability to produce serotonin which is a neurotransmitter that helps to regulate your mood.  A lack of serotonin can lead to depression and poor sleep which can affect your memory and reduce both your appetite and libido.

·     Melatonin Production – your brain produces melatonin to help you sleep. When it’s dark your brain triggers it’s production to encourage sleep and when there is sunlight it stops production to make you feel awake.  If you produce too much it will leave you feeling tired and lethargic.


There is plenty of information available online to help you try and manage your SAD.  Lifestyle changes, like encouraging you to spend as much time as possible in natural sunlight and maintain a healthy diet and taking regular exercise to help reduce your stress levels.  Relaxation techniques can help you manage your stress, like meditation, yoga and mindfulness.  Light therapy is also an effective to help seasonal affective disorder but doesn’t work for everyone, it involves using a special light box to simulate exposure to sunlight. 

Professional Help

If you believe you are suffering with SAD you should initially consult your doctor to confirm the diagnosis and rule out any other mental health condition.  They can check you vitamin D levels as a lack of Vitamin D can make symptoms worse.  They may also suggest medication such as anti-anxiety, antidepressants or SSRI’s (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors). 

They may also suggest that you try therapies such as CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy) which can be helpful for people who didn’t have success with light therapy or struggled with side effects of medication.  CBT can help you to retrain your negative thoughts, attitude and behaviours and better manage your symptoms.  Written by Jan, Jeana and Wendy at Barnsley Hypnosis and Counselling (UK). For more free Information click above link.

Ingredients and the Intimate Bleaching Treatment

Intimate bleaching has become a popular cosmetic procedure. It is common to use bleaching creams for intimate parts. These creams can lighten intimate parts of the body and restore natural skin color.


The effects of time are not limited to the erogenous zones. Intimate bleaching removes excess pigmentation, which a lack of sun exposure may cause. When you are exposed to the sun, it can cause skin darkening.  


You are looking for an intimate bleaching Miami solution that will give you the desired results for your intimate parts. With a bleaching treatment, you must learn to remove dark spots from your intimate parts. There are many options on the market today, but we recommend only using high-quality treatments with quality ingredients.

What does this treatment mean?


Intimate bleaching Orlando treatments refer to using a bleaching agent to darken the skin's pigments in intimate areas. This is because the skin in these areas responds similarly to bleaching agents as the rest of our skin. Therefore, treatment must be done with care.


Women are increasingly aware that their intimates can be improved. Many folds in the skin can lead to pigmentation and discoloration. Because it is safe and effective, intimate bleaching is growing in popularity. This is a quick procedure that takes only about an hour. The results are almost always instantaneous.


For more information on this treatment, ask a professional. Any questions about cosmetics will be addressed by a professional. There are many other options, so this is only one option. Learn more about this treatment to see amazing results.

The main ingredients for intimate bleach


What's the best thing about Intimate bleaching treatments? Intimate bleaching uses a concentrated formula to remove discoloration from your skin. Intimate bleaching treatments work permanently to remove discoloration.


Hydroquinone, alpha-arbutin, and kojic acid are just a few of the ingredients. You may combine these ingredients to achieve the best results for your skin. Hydroquinone and other ingredients can cause skin allergy or irritation. 


Kojic acid, an organic chemical compound naturally found in nature, can be described as a natural substance. Several species of fungi produce it. Kojic acid blocks the activity of Tyrosinase, an enzyme that helps synthesize melanin (a dark pigment produced by the skin). 


Kojic acid is found in many foods, including fermented food; it also is used as a skin-lightening ingredient in cosmetics. It's used in cosmetics to lighten skin and reduce dark spots or freckles.


Ultimate bleaching has many benefits: 


  • Get a softer skin

  • It lightens your skin

  • It removes dark spots 

  • It improves self-confidence 

  • It can be done at home 

  • No long recoveries 

  • No surgery 


Many treatments can help you improve your skin. Having better skin can help you feel better about yourself, and some studies said that it could also improve your sex life because you feel better about yourself. 


Now, before tasting and dermatological treatment, ask your doctor. Check all active ingredients to know if you are allergic or not to one of them. 


Avoid using homemade products or creams. Some products or food can produce allergies. 

Fitness Without Equipment

In this day and age most of us who want to get fitter, stronger, or lose weight know that in order to achieve our goals we must participate in some type of exercise program. One of the problems is that of choosing what sort of fitness equipment we should be using or buying. There are a number of choices on the market today, including elliptical trainers, rowing machines, exercise bicycles, steppers, weight machines, free weights, cable machines, and so on.

Now you have two choices when it comes to using fitness equipment. First is to purchase a piece of equipment, depending on the quality of what you want, buying can be pretty expensive. The second choice is to become a gym member. This will give you a wider of choice in the types of fitness equipment you can use, but even this option can be expensive.

Now there can be many reasons that could make it difficult for you to take advantage of either choice. Perhaps you are in a position in your life at the moment where you cannot afford to purchase any fitness equipment or afford to join a gym. You may not have any space at home to use any fitness equipment, or have the time to travel to a gym 3 or 4 times a week. You may feel uncomfortable or not have the confidence at the present time to join a gym. All these reasons will result in one thing, and that is not exercising, and not achieving the vision you may have of yourself for the future.

Now I am going to be brutally honest with you. All those reasons are just excuses not to exercise. You justify not exercising with these excuses and this makes you feel that there is some substance behind why you cannot exercise. The fact is that there is no substance behind these excuses, because when you focus on why you can't do something your mind will come up with lots of reasons for that point of focus. However if you focus on a regular basis on why you should exercise, your mind will come up with reasons and ways for that as well. You can reach extreme levels of fitness without equipment.

The truth is that we associate great bodies with fitness equipment and we have the perception that fitness without any equipment is not something that can be achieved successfully. This is a million miles away from the truth. You don't need any fitness equipment to become fitter, stronger, or slimmer. Your own body is one of the best pieces of fitness equipment that you have. You can reach extremely high levels of fitness using nothing but your body.

Take a look at the sport of boxing. It is only over the last few years that boxers have started using weights or weight machines to train. A few years ago 99% of their training consisted of using their own body for their training. Boxers would get up in the early hours and run the streets, not use a treadmill at lunch time. They would spend many hours a week doing push ups, sit ups, chin ups, stretching, shadow boxing, and a whole host of other body weight exercises. Boxers are warriors and they reach warrior status without any equipment. Boxers have the fittest and most durable physiques in sport.

To become a soldier is no mean feat, the training is extremely tough. The bulk of a soldiers training consists of exercising without equipment. They spend hours running over rough terrain carrying equipment and heavy backpacks. They spend months doing circuit training consisting of swimming, push ups, chin ups, sit ups, and various other exercises. Nobody can say that a soldier is not an extremely fit individual.

There is a huge choice of exercises you can use, where your body is the only piece of equipment you will need. Depending on the method of training you use, just 15 minutes a day will give you fitness levels far beyond what you have at the moment. Pick a set of exercises that hit different body parts and make a circuit out of them. Circuit training will improve your strength, fitness, and endurance. Pick your own circuit or use the one below

Free squats (30 seconds) Rest (20 seconds) Push ups (30 seconds) Rest (20seconds) Crunches (30 seconds) Rest (20 seconds) Squat thrusts (30 seconds)

This circuit last just 3 minutes and it will work your body hard. Do as many actions of each exercise in a 30 second period and do not have any more than 20 seconds rest. Try it once and see how you feel. Call this one circuit, and when your fitness improves do another circuit later in the day. There really is no limit to how far you can go on this circuit, the fitter you get the more circuits you keep adding. Just try one to begin with to get used to it and think on that one circuit is just 3 minutes out of your whole day. 3 minutes is not a lot compared to the benefits you will get from that time. Now you know that you are capable of reaching a high level of fitness without equipment.

The Plus Side To Owning A Good Folding Treadmill

There are several good things to owning a good folding treadmill, but recently people seem to have forgotten what they are. So with those in mind that don?t see a good treadmill as something they really can have, we?re going to look at the plus side to owning a good one.

Focusing on the Sole F80 folding treadmill, there are obvious advantages to owning one. First and foremost a fully folding machine of this type means that you can store it virtually anywhere. This is great for people that do not have a lot of space to put in a full treadmill. You can put your machine underneath a bed, or in the closet, or even under the couch depending your furniture. If you don?t really want to put it away you can fold it and lean it in a corner of your room for maximum space saving.

Secondly the plus side really is in terms of how quiet the motor is on the Sole F80. Most folding treadmills either have no motor or have a loud motor that causes distraction or noise that neighbors can complain about. That?s not the case here, the motor is near silent even at maximum levels.

The final upside to owning a good folding treadmill is the warranty. The Sole F80 comes with a lifetime warranty and will last you for the years upon years of healthy living and good use. As a bonus upside, consider the fact that you?ll lead a better, healthier life with such a great item in your life.

How To Lose Belly Fat And Get Abs

Every health conscious individual is constantly searching for a good method to lose belly fat. If you are one of those individuals, then you need to start evaluating all the options you can use to burn stomach fat effectively. The human body has a natural tendency to store fat in the abdominal region. The body's next favorite place for storing fat is the arms and thighs. But most people will agree that the most difficult place to lose fat from is the stomach.

It is easy to find out if there is too much fat around your stomach. Simply take a measuring tape and measure your waistline. Usually women of average height should not have a belly over 34 inches and a man must have a belly size less than 38 inches. If you have measure your belly size and discovered that you need to lose some belly fat, the best solution for you is to chalk up a good diet plan and an exercise routine. Don't let the words 'diet' and exercise scare you. You don't need to starve yourself or sweat for hours at the gym. Making small changes to the foods you eat and starting out with a simple workout plan will help you get started on the journey to reduce stomach fat.

The most effective method of burning belly fat is a bit different for women and men. Genetics plays an important role in deciding whether you are naturally chubby or lean. I am sure you know someone who seems to eat all they want, all day long but still never get fat. However, even if genetics is not on your side, there are many things you can do to decrease your body fat and get back your beautiful shape.

Men have a higher natural tendency to accumulate fat in the stomach area compared to women. The male hormone testosterone plays a significant role in this. Women, on the other hand, tend to store fat in the hips, buttocks and thighs due to the effect of estrogen. After menopause as a woman's estrogen decreases her belly fat tends to increase. Men usually store more stomach fat compared to women, but they can also lose abdominal fat quicker than women by exercising.

Begin by finding out the exact reasons which have caused to have a big belly. Do you have a sweet tooth? Is eating a big bag of potato chips sitting on the couch your favorite hobby on weekends? Is beer your best friend? Every person tends to have some weakness which contributes most to increasing their belly fat. Take a look at all your daily activities and find out what this is for you.

Start paying attention to the foods you like to eat the most. Cut down on fast foods and deep fried items. Make sure to get 8 hours of beauty sleep every night. Lack of sleep can lead to increased stress during daytime, which in turn will cause your body to produce more cortisol. Cortisol causes your body to store more belly fat. Add more vegetables and fruits to your diet.

Instead of taking you car every time you go out of your house, walk when you only need to go to nearby locations. Walking is a great exercise for burning belly fat. If you haven't been to the gym in ages, start out by just walking for a few minutes every day. Then you can move on to jogging and light aerobic exercises. This will help your body adjust to the extra demands you will put on it when you start doing proper workouts.

It is not difficult to get a flat and firm midsection if you are willing to make a plan and then follow it daily. Begin with little steps and measure your progress. You will soon find that losing belly fat can be a very exciting and memorable experience.

Have a Stronger And Healthier Body With Various Fitness Equipments

Exercising is the best way to keep your body in an excellent and fit form. People who exercise regularly are not only hale and hearty but also are one of the most active of the lot. And with advent of new fitness equipments in the market, there is no excuse for you to not to indulge in the pleasure of exercising.

According to your convenience of time and place you can do a workout at your home or a gym. You can do them in a group or alone. And now with various workout products and machines, exercising is no more a tedious activity, rather its fun to be indulged in a rigorous workout session.

Catering to needs of all enthusiasts, there are different kinds of exercising machines and products available in the market. From free weights like dumbbells, barbells, weight benches and Olympic weight plate to specialized machines like cross fit equipment, treadmill, elliptical cross trainers, exercise bike, spin bikes rowing machine, aerobic step and multi gyms, user can pick any of them depending on the kind of work out he wants for his body.

Along with these, there are other kinds of fitness products also, that are used by exercise lovers around the world. If weight training requires variety of free weights and machines for the regime and entire session, core training like yoga and Pilates require mats as a part of work out equipment.

Depending on whether you want to just tone your body or lose weight and burn some fat or indulge in some cardio exercises, you can buy these equipments from specialized shops or various online portals.

However, once you have set your goal and bought these products to have a fit body, make sure you take proper care of the maintenance of these machines, so that they give the desired effect and have a long life. While getting these equipments to your home or gym check their quality, efficiency and usefulness for your workout program. Also make sure that they are in your budget and are compact so that you can avail the benefits with minimum space required.

Always remember that some of these workout machines can be used and maintained easily without any special supervision, while others will have to be handled cautiously under an expert's guidance and surveillance. This will prevent any damage that can be done to your machine and in turn avert any harm to you. Regular maintenance will help you recognize troubles with your gear before they actually occur. Thus with regular check up of your machine, you can avoid its failure and minimize risks also.

There is no denying that good health is the main prerequisite to have a smooth and hassle free life. Thus, not only select the best fitness equipments according to your need but also get good training, do regular exercises and lead a healthy and fit life.

Pradaxa Side Effects


Pradaxa (dabigatran etexilate mesylate) capsules are a blood-thinning medicine utilized to lessen the risk of blood clots and stroke in individuals with atrial fibrillation not caused by a heart valve problem.


PRADAXA can cause bleeding that can be severe and at times lead to death. Do not take PRADAXA if you at present have abnormal bleeding or if one have ever had an allergic reaction to it.

Your risk of bleeding with PRADAXA may be higher if you:

??? are seventy-five years old or older

??? have kidney problems

??? have kidney problems & take ketoconazole tablets (Nizoral) or dronedarone (Multaq)

??? have intestine or stomach bleeding that is recent or keeps coming back or you have an ulcer in the stomach

??? take other drugs that increase the risk of bleeding, like aspirin products, or several non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) & blood thinners

Call your medical doctor or seek immediate health care if you have any of the following signs or symptoms of blood loss:

??? any severe, unexpected, or uncontrollable bleeding; or blood loss that lasts a long time

??? vomiting or coughing up blood; or vomit that appears like coffee grounds

??? brown or pink urine; black or red stools (looks similar to tar)

??? unexpected swelling, pain, or joint pain

??? unexpected or unusual bruising

??? feeling dizzy or weak and headaches

Side Effects of Pradaxa - for the Consumer


All drugs may cause side effects, but a lot of people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your consultant if any of these most general side effects persist or become troublesome when using Pradaxa:

Diarrhea; mild stomach pain or upset; heartburn; indigestion; nausea.

Seek health attention immediately if any of these SEVERE side effects take place when using


Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; itching; joint pain, tightness in the chest; face, lips, or tongue; sided weakness; coughing up blood; weakness, swelling of the mouth, wheezing); fainting; bloody or black, tarry stools; severe or persistent sore throat or stomach pain; one- pink, brown, or dark urine; slurred speech; chest pain; confusion; dizziness, or unusual headaches; swelling, or discomfort; unusual bruising or bleeding (eg, excessive bleeding from cuts, repeated nosebleeds, oddly heavy vaginal or menstrual bleeding, unusual bleeding from gums); vision problems; vomit that looks like coffee or blood grounds.

This is not the entire list of all side effects that may happen. If you have questions about side effects, get in touch with your health care provider. Call your consultant for health advice about side effects. You can report side effects to FDA at this number 1-800-FDA-1088 . You may as well report side effects at this website:

Common Side Effects by Body System - for Healthcare Professionals


Hematologic side effects have included intraocular, intraspinal intracranial, or intramuscular with retroperitoneal bleeding, intraarticular bleeding, compartment syndrome, or pericardial bleeding. Intracranial haemorrhage included subarachnoid, intracerebral (hemorrhagic stroke), & subdural bleeds.


GI side effects have included dyspepsia (including abdominal pain, abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain upper, and epigastric discomfort) and gastritis-like symptoms (including erosive gastritis, GERD, gastric haemorrhage, esophagitis, hemorrhagic erosive gastritis, hemorrhagic gastritis, and GI ulcer).


Hypersensitivity side effects have included rash, allergic edema, urticaria, and pruritus, anaphylactic reaction, and worse anaphylactic shock.

Keep Yourself Fit With Treadmill

In today's busy schedule no one have time to go to gym and to do exercise but to keep body fit and healthy hard work or exercise is also necessary which has been disappear somewhere because of the office works. In such a situation we have just one option that is to bring the gym to home. For this purpose treadmill is the best option. Treadmill is the best option especially in cold weather when no one wants to go outside. The word treadmill means a mill that is operated by a person. It mainly consists of three parts conveyor belt, electric motor or flywheel. A person can walk or run on this belt which runs by electric motor. Here we can control or measure the speed of running.

Before purchasing it, you should know everything about it. Its main part is motor. Make sure that it is marked with "Continuous duty" and of high quality and big because in a big motor you can run without slipping and it will also let you ride smoothly. Second thing to consider is its roller; it should be big because it will give you long belt also. Check out its warranty also. To consider its weight is also necessary if you have ever experienced it then you can notice the difference between heavy and light weight treadmills. Heavy treadmills will surely be difficult to move but it will last long and give you better jogging experience. It will be nice if treadmills have 20 programs but you will rarely use all of them. Next thing to talk about is speed and incline.

Some extra accessories like fans, speaker, cup holder's magazine racks and sometimes television are just for your pleasure. It will be good if you can afford them. And last but important thing is price. Wide range of treadmills is available for treadmills. Spending good amount on it is necessary if you don't want it to break down but complete knowledge of it is compulsory so that you don't become fool.

But even if you are not sure about its complete knowledge then you can just log in to . It is an online shop where you will get not only beat treadmills but also advice of experts who will give you complete information about the working of treadmills. After ordering your treadmill you can simply get it directly to your home through free home delivery service.